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Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't effectively use the insulin it does make.

​Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time.[11] Symptoms often include frequent urinationincreased thirst, and increased appetite.[2]If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.[2] Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosishyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death.[3] Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular diseasestrokechronic kidney diseasefoot ulcersdamage to the nervesdamage to the eyes and cognitive impairment.[2][5]

Type 1 diabetes is characterized by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreatic islets, leading to insulin deficiency

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, which may be combined with relatively reduced insulin secretion

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